How to Upgrade proxmox from 3.x to 4.0- Well, kembali lagi untuk kali ini aku akan mencoba memaparkan tutorial singkat bagaimana melakukan upgrade proxmox from 3.x ke versi 4.1. Ada beberapa hal yang mesti diketahui mengenai proxmox versi 4 ini dan apa saja pembaharuannya. Berikut pemaparannya.

Pertama

Upgrade besar untuk proxmox 4.x adalah sebagai berikut ini

  • Kabar buruk untuk OpenVZ, pada versi terbaru ini OpenVZ dihapuskan
  • diperlukan Versi Corosync terbaru , oleh karena itu clusters harus didirikan kembali
  • Manager baru untuk HA, ( menggantikan RGmanager , melibatkan HA re – konfigurasi lengkap )

Jika Anda menjalankan instalasi yang disesuaikan dan / atau Anda menginstal paket tambahan, misalnya untuk penyimpanan didistribusikan seperti Ceph atau sheepdog , DRBD atau paket pihak ketiga lainnya , Anda perlu memastikan bahwa Anda juga meng-upgrade paket ini untuk Debian Jessie.

Perlu di catat dan ingat bahwa V4.0 mendukung hanya DRBD9 baru yang tidak kompatibel dengan versi 8.x dan dianggap hanya preview teknologi .

Ada dua alternatif untuk melakukan upgrade ini, yakni:

  • Upgrade langsung secara online dengan melakukan beberapa modifikasi terhadap source list, atau
  • upgrade langsung menggunakan cd instalasi proxmox yang telah dilakukan burning terlebih dahulu

Pada percobaan ini, adalah pilihan upgrade langsung secara online yang hendak dilakukan. Untuk itu harap ikuti dengan baik-baik langkah-langkah berikut ini. Selamat mencoba

Prasyarat

  • upgrade ke versi V3.4 terbaru
  • akses yang dapat diandalkan untuk semua konfigurasi penyimpanan
  • tidak ada masalah pada cluster yang berjalan
  • tidak ada VM atau CT yang sedang aktif/berjalan
  • cadangan yang valid dari semua kontainer OpenVZ (diperlukan untuk konversi ke LXC)
  • setidaknya ruang disk 1GB pada root mount point

Hapus Proxmox VE paket 3.x untuk menghindari kesalahan

Jalankan perintah berikut ini untuk memastikan nantinya instlasi berjalan dengan baik dan bersih

 apt-get update && apt-get dist-upgrade
root@tunaro:~#
root@tunaro:~# apt-get update && apt-get dist-upgrade

selanjutnya hapus:

apt-get remove proxmox-ve-2.6.32 pve-manager corosync-pve openais-pve redhat-cluster-pve pve-cluster pve-firmware
root@tunaro:~# pt-get remove proxmox-ve-2.6.32 pve-manager corosync-

pve openais-pve redhat-cluster-pve pve-cluster pve-firmware
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following packages will be REMOVED:
  clvm corosync-pve fence-agents-pve libpve-access-control libpve-

storage-perl
  librados2-perl openais-pve proxmox-ve-2.6.32 pve-cluster pve-firmware
  pve-manager qemu-server redhat-cluster-pve resource-agents-pve vzctl
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 15 to remove and 103 not upgraded.
After this operation, 6,702 kB disk space will be freed.
Do you want to continue [Y/n]?

tekan tombol Y untuk melanjutkan

root@tunaro:~# pt-get remove proxmox-ve-2.6.32 pve-manager corosync-

pve openais-pve redhat-cluster-pve pve-cluster pve-firmware
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following packages will be REMOVED:
  clvm corosync-pve fence-agents-pve libpve-access-control libpve-

storage-perl
  librados2-perl openais-pve proxmox-ve-2.6.32 pve-cluster pve-firmware
  pve-manager qemu-server redhat-cluster-pve resource-agents-pve vzctl
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 15 to remove and 103 not upgraded.
After this operation, 6,702 kB disk space will be freed.
Do you want to continue [Y/n]Y


(Reading database ... 30441 files and directories currently installed.)
Removing proxmox-ve-2.6.32 ...
Removing pve-manager ...
Removing vzctl ...
Container(s) not found
Container(s) not found
Container(s) not found
Bringing down interface venet0: ..done
Stopping OpenVZ: ..done
Removing qemu-server ...
Removing libpve-storage-perl ...
Removing clvm ...
Removing resource-agents-pve ...
Removing fence-agents-pve ...
dpkg: warning: while removing fence-agents-pve, directory 

'/usr/share/fence' not empty so not removed
Removing redhat-cluster-pve ...
Removing openais-pve ...
Removing corosync-pve ...
Removing librados2-perl ...
Removing libpve-access-control ...
Removing pve-cluster ...
Stopping pve cluster filesystem: pve-cluster.
dpkg: warning: while removing pve-cluster, unable to remove directory 

'/etc/pve': Device or resource busy - directory may be a mount point?
Removing pve-firmware ...
Processing triggers for man-db ...
root@tunaro:~#

Selanjutnya, lakukan perubahan pada repository sebagai berikut ini

root@tunaro:~# sed -i 's/wheezy/jessie/g' /etc/apt/sources.list
root@tunaro:~# sed -i 's/wheezy/jessie/g' /etc/apt/sources.list.d/pve-enterprise.list
root@tunaro:~#

untuk seragamnya, dalam percobaan ini saya menggunakan repository berikut ini:

root@tunaro:~# cat /etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian jessie main contrib

# security updates
deb http://security.debian.org/ jessie/updates main contrib

deb http://kambing.ui.ac.id/debian/ jessie main contrib non-free
deb http://kambing.ui.ac.id/debian/ jessie-updates main contrib non-free
deb http://kambing.ui.ac.id/debian-security/ jessie/updates main contrib non-free


deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian jessie pve-no-subscription
root@tunaro:~#

selanjunya, tambahkan repository berikut ini

nano /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ceph.list
deb http://download.ceph.com/debian-hammer jessie main

Install Kernel Baru
untuk menginstall kernel baru, ikuti perintah berikut ini

root@tunaro:~# apt-get install pve-kernel-4.2.2-1-pve pve-firmware
Reading package lists... Done
root@tunaro:~# apt-get install pve-kernel-4.2.2-1-pve pve-firmware
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  pve-firmware pve-kernel-4.2.2-1-pve
0 upgraded, 2 newly installed, 0 to remove and 412 not upgraded.
Need to get 69.0 MB of archives.
After this operation, 0 B of additional disk space will be used.
Get:1 http://download.proxmox.com/debian/ jessie/pvetest pve-firmware 

all 1.1-7 [26.1 MB]
Get:2 http://download.proxmox.com/debian/ jessie/pvetest pve-kernel-

4.2.2-1-pve amd64 4.2.2-16 [43.0 MB]
Fetched 69.0 MB in 3min 32s (325 kB/s)
Selecting previously unselected package pve-firmware.
(Reading database ... 28812 files and directories currently installed.)
Unpacking pve-firmware (from .../pve-firmware_1.1-7_all.deb) ...
Selecting previously unselected package pve-kernel-4.2.2-1-pve.
Unpacking pve-kernel-4.2.2-1-pve (from .../pve-kernel-4.2.2-1-

pve_4.2.2-16_amd64.deb) ...
Setting up pve-firmware (1.1-7) ...
Setting up pve-kernel-4.2.2-1-pve (4.2.2-16) ...
Examining /etc/kernel/postinst.d.
run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/initramfs-tools 4.2.2-1-pve 

/boot/vmlinuz-4.2.2-1-pve
update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-4.2.2-1-pve
run-parts: executing /etc/kernel/postinst.d/zz-update-grub 4.2.2-1-pve 

/boot/vmlinuz-4.2.2-1-pve
Generating grub.cfg ...
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.2.2-1-pve
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.2.2-1-pve
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.32-29-pve
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-2.6.32-29-pve
Found memtest86+ image: /memtest86+.bin
Found memtest86+ multiboot image: /memtest86+_multiboot.bin
done
root@tunaro:~#

Upgrade sistem standar ke debian jeesie

root@tunaro:~# apt-get dist-upgrade
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
Calculating upgrade... Done
The following packages will be REMOVED:
  console-tools cpp-4.7 gcc-4.7-base libjpeg62 libperl5.14 libsnmp15
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  acl cgmanager cpp-4.9 dbus dmeventd docutils-common docutils-doc
  fonts-dejavu-core gcc-4.9-base gnupg-agent gnupg2 hicolor-icon-theme
  ifenslave init init-system-helpers iproute2 kbd libalgorithm-c3-perl
  libarchive-extract-perl libasn1-8-heimdal libasound2-data libassuan0
  libasync-interrupt-perl libatk1.0-0 libatk1.0-data libatm1 libaudit-

common
  libaudit1 libavahi-client3 libavahi-common-data libavahi-common3 

libbind9-90
  libblas-common libboost-iostreams1.55.0 libboost-system1.55.0
  libboost-thread1.55.0 libcap-ng0 libcap2-bin libcephfs1 libcgi-fast-

perl
  libcgi-pm-perl libcgmanager0 libclass-c3-perl libclass-c3-xs-perl
  libclone-perl libcloog-isl4 libcpan-meta-perl libcryptsetup4 libcups2
  libcurl3 libdata-optlist-perl libdata-section-perl libdb5.3
  libdebconfclient0 libdns-export100 libdns100 libestr0 libev-perl
  libfcgi-perl libffi6 libgcrypt20 libgdk-pixbuf2.0-0 libgdk-pixbuf2.0

-common
  libgnutls-deb0-28 libgoogle-perftools4 libgraphite2-3 libgssapi-perl
  libgssapi3-heimdal libgtk2.0-0 libgtk2.0-bin libgtk2.0-common 

libguard-perl
  libharfbuzz0b libhcrypto4-heimdal libheimbase1-heimdal libheimntlm0-

heimdal
  libhogweed2 libhx509-5-heimdal libicu52 libio-html-perl
  libio-socket-inet6-perl libirs-export91 libisc-export95 libisc95 

libisccc90
  libisccfg-export90 libisccfg90 libiscsi4 libisl10 libjasper1 libjbig0
  libjemalloc1 libjpeg62-turbo libjson-c2 libkrb5-26-heimdal libksba8
  liblcms2-2 libldb1 liblog-message-perl liblog-message-simple-perl
  liblogging-stdlog0 liblognorm1 liblua5.2-0 liblvm2cmd2.02 liblwres90
  libmodule-build-perl libmodule-pluggable-perl libmodule-signature-

perl
  libmpc3 libmro-compat-perl libnettle4 libnih-dbus1 libnih1 libntdb1 

libnuma1
  libnvpair1 libpackage-constants-perl libpam-cap libpam-systemd
  libpango-1.0-0 libpangocairo-1.0-0 libpangoft2-1.0-0 libpangox-1.0-0
  libpangoxft-1.0-0 libpaper-utils libpaper1 libparams-util-perl 

libparted2
  libperl4-corelibs-perl libperl5.20 libpod-latex-perl libpod-readme-

perl
  libprocps3 libpsl0 libpython-stdlib libpython2.7 libpython2.7-minimal
  libpython2.7-stdlib libreadline5 libregexp-common-perl libroken18-

heimdal
  librtmp1 libsasl2-modules-db libseccomp2 libsmartcols1 libsmbclient
  libsnmp30 libsocket6-perl libsoftware-license-perl libsub-exporter-

perl
  libsub-install-perl libsystemd0 libtasn1-6 libtcmalloc-minimal4
  libterm-ui-perl libtevent0 libtext-soundex-perl libtext-template-perl
  libtext-unidecode-perl libtiff5 libudev1 libunwind8 libuutil1 

libwebp5
  libwebpdemux1 libwebpmux1 libwind0-heimdal libxcomposite1 libxdamage1
  libxinerama1 libxml-libxml-perl libxml-namespacesupport-perl
  libxml-sax-base-perl libxml-sax-expat-perl libxml-sax-perl libxrandr2
  libxtables10 libzfs2 libzpool2 ndiff numactl openssh-sftp-server
  pinentry-gtk2 python-blinker python-cffi python-cryptography
  python-defusedxml python-docutils python-itsdangerous python-lxml
  python-ndg-httpsclient python-pil python-pkg-resources python-ply
  python-pyasn1 python-pycparser python-pygments python-pyinotify 

python-roman
  python-talloc python-urllib3 python-wstools rename samba-libs sgml-

base
  shared-mime-info startpar systemd systemd-shim systemd-sysv xdg-user

-dirs
  xml-core
The following packages have been kept back:
  db5.1-util
The following packages will be upgraded:
  apt apt-listchanges apt-transport-https apt-utils aptitude aptitude-

common
  at attr base-files base-passwd bash bash-completion bc bind9-host 

bootlogd
  bridge-utils bsd-mailx bsdmainutils bsdutils busybox bzip2 ca-

certificates
  ceph-common cifs-utils console-common console-data coreutils cpio cpp 

cron
  dash dc debconf debconf-i18n debian-archive-keyring debian-faq 

debianutils
  diffutils dmidecode dmsetup dnsutils doc-debian dpkg e2fslibs 

e2fsprogs
  eject fdutils file findutils fontconfig fontconfig-config ftp fuse 

gawk
  gdisk gettext-base glusterfs-client glusterfs-common gnupg gpgv grep
  groff-base grub-common grub-pc grub-pc-bin grub2-common gzip hdparm 

hostname
  ifenslave-2.6 ifupdown info initramfs-tools initscripts install-info 

iproute
  iptables iputils-arping iputils-ping isc-dhcp-client isc-dhcp-common
  klibc-utils kmod krb5-locales ksm-control-daemon less libacl1 libaio1
  libanyevent-http-perl libanyevent-perl libapt-inst1.5 libapt-pkg-perl
  libapt-pkg4.12 libasound2 libasprintf0c2 libasyncns0 libattr1
  libauthen-pam-perl libblas3 libblas3gf libblkid1 libbsd0 libbz2-1.0 

libc-bin
  libc6 libcaca0 libcairo2 libcap2 libcgroup1 libclass-isa-perl 

libcomerr2
  libcommon-sense-perl libconvert-asn1-perl libcorosync4-pve
  libcrypt-openssl-bignum-perl libcrypt-openssl-random-perl
  libcrypt-openssl-rsa-perl libcrypt-ssleay-perl libcurl3-gnutls 

libcwidget3
  libdatrie1 libdbi1 libdbus-1-3 libdevmapper-event1.02.1 

libdevmapper1.02.1
  libdirectfb-1.2-9 libedit2 libept1.4.12 libevent-2.0-5 libexpat1
  libfile-chdir-perl libfile-sync-perl libfilesys-df-perl libflac8
  libfontconfig1 libfreetype6 libfuse2 libgc1c2 libgcc1 libgdbm3 

libgeoip1
  libgfortran3 libglib2.0-0 libgmp10 libgnutls-openssl27 libgpg-error0
  libgpgme11 libgpm2 libgssapi-krb5-2 libgssrpc4 libhtml-parser-perl
  libhtml-tree-perl libhttp-cookies-perl libhttp-message-perl 

libibverbs1
  libice6 libidn11 libintl-perl libio-socket-ssl-perl libjs-jquery
  libjson-perl libjson-xs-perl libjson0 libk5crypto3 libkeyutils1 

libklibc
  libkmod2 libkrb5-3 libkrb5support0 libldap-2.4-2 libleveldb1 

liblinear1
  liblinux-inotify2-perl liblocale-gettext-perl liblockfile-bin 

liblockfile1
  liblog-agent-perl liblua5.1-0 liblvm2app2.2 liblwp-protocol-https-

perl
  liblzma5 liblzo2-2 libmagic1 libmath-bigint-perl libmount1 libmpfr4
  libncurses5 libncursesw5 libnet-dns-perl libnet-http-perl libnet-ip-

perl
  libnet-ldap-perl libnet-ssleay-perl libnet-telnet-perl libnewt0.52
  libnfnetlink0 libnfsidmap2 libnspr4 libnss3 libogg0 libopenipmi0 

libopts25
  libp11-kit0 libpam-modules libpam-modules-bin libpam-runtime libpam0g
  libpango1.0-0 libpcap0.8 libpci3 libpcre3 libpipeline1 libpixman-1-0
  libpng12-0 libpopt0 libpth20 libpulse0 libpve-common-perl libqb0
  libquadmath0 librados2 librbd1 librdmacm1 libreadline6 librpcsecgss3 

librrd4
  librrds-perl libsasl2-2 libsdl1.2debian libselinux1 libsemanage-

common
  libsemanage1 libsensors4 libsepol1 libsgutils2-2 libsigc++-2.0-0c2a
  libsigsegv2 libslang2 libsm6 libsnappy1 libsndfile1 libsnmp-base
  libsqlite3-0 libss2 libssh2-1 libssl1.0.0 libstdc++6 libswitch-perl
  libsysfs2 libtalloc2 libtdb1 libterm-readline-gnu-perl
  libtext-charwidth-perl libtext-iconv-perl libthai-data libthai0
  libtimedate-perl libtinfo5 libtirpc1 libtokyocabinet9 liburi-perl
  libusb-0.1-4 libusb-1.0-0 libusbredirparser1 libustr-1.0-1 libuuid-

perl
  libuuid1 libvncserver0 libvorbis0a libvorbisenc2 libwbclient0 

libwrap0
  libwww-perl libx11-6 libx11-data libx11-xcb1 libxapian22 libxau6 

libxaw7
  libxcb-render0 libxcb-shm0 libxcb1 libxcursor1 libxdmcp6 libxext6 

libxfixes3
  libxft2 libxi6 libxml-parser-perl libxml2 libxml2-utils libxmu6 

libxmuu1
  libxpm4 libxrender1 libxslt1.1 libxt6 libxtst6 locales login 

logrotate
  lsb-base lvm2 lynx lynx-cur m4 man-db manpages memtest86+ mime-

support
  mlocate mount multiarch-support mutt nano ncurses-base ncurses-bin
  ncurses-term net-tools netbase netcat-traditional nfs-common nmap ntp 

omping
  open-iscsi openipmi openssh-client openssh-server openssl parted 

passwd
  patch pciutils perl perl-base perl-modules postfix procmail procps 

psmisc
  pve-libspice-server1 pve-qemu-kvm python python-apt python-apt-common
  python-ceph python-chardet python-debian python-debianbts python-

flask
  python-jinja2 python-markupsafe python-minimal python-openssl python

-pexpect
  python-pycurl python-reportbug python-requests python-six python-

soappy
  python-werkzeug python2.7 python2.7-minimal readline-common reportbug
  rpcbind rrdcached rsync rsyslog samba-common sed sensible-utils sg3-

utils
  smbclient snmp socat spiceterm sqlite3 ssh ssl-cert strace sysv-rc 

sysvinit
  sysvinit-utils tasksel tasksel-data tcpdump texinfo time traceroute
  ttf-dejavu-core tzdata ucf udev usbutils util-linux vim-common vim-

tiny vlan
  vncterm w3m wget whiptail whois x11-apps x11-common xauth xsltproc 

xz-utils
  zlib1g
411 upgraded, 212 newly installed, 6 to remove and 1 not upgraded.
Need to get 192 MB of archives.
After this operation, 185 MB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue [Y/n]? y

Saat menjalankan perintah diatas, anda akan dihadapkan dengan pilihan sebagai berikut ini
1pada kasus diatas, saya memilih untuk tidak mendisable SSH password untuk root (super ucer), selanjutnya akan ada menu berikut ini dan silahkan anda ikuti
2
3
4
5
Restart sistem jika telah selesai melakukan installasi seperti di atas

Install Proxmox 4.1
Terakhir, kita melakukan instalasi Proxmox 4.1

root@tunaro:~# apt-get install proxmox-ve
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following extra packages will be installed:
  apparmor corosync-pve criu dh-python ipset libapparmor-perl 

libapparmor1
  libgnutlsxx28 libipset3 libmime-base32-perl libmnl0 libmpdec2
  libnet-dbus-perl libnetfilter-log1 liboath0 libprotobuf-c1 

libprotobuf9
  libpve-access-control libpve-storage-perl libpython3-stdlib
  libpython3.4-minimal libpython3.4-stdlib librados2-perl libtie-

ixhash-perl
  libxml-twig-perl libxml-xpathengine-perl lxc-pve lxcfs netcat6 novnc

-pve
  oathtool pve-cluster pve-container pve-firewall pve-ha-manager
  pve-kernel-4.2.6-1-pve pve-manager python-ipaddr python-protobuf 

python3
  python3-minimal python3.4 python3.4-minimal qemu-server uidmap
Suggested packages:
  apparmor-profiles apparmor-profiles-extra apparmor-docs apparmor-

utils
  libunicode-map8-perl libunicode-string-perl xml-twig-tools python3-

doc
  python3-tk python3-venv python3.4-venv python3.4-doc binutils binfmt

-support
The following packages will be REMOVED:
  vlan
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  apparmor corosync-pve criu dh-python ipset libapparmor-perl 

libapparmor1
  libgnutlsxx28 libipset3 libmime-base32-perl libmnl0 libmpdec2
  libnet-dbus-perl libnetfilter-log1 liboath0 libprotobuf-c1 

libprotobuf9
  libpve-access-control libpve-storage-perl libpython3-stdlib
  libpython3.4-minimal libpython3.4-stdlib librados2-perl libtie-

ixhash-perl
  libxml-twig-perl libxml-xpathengine-perl lxc-pve lxcfs netcat6 novnc

-pve
  oathtool proxmox-ve pve-cluster pve-container pve-firewall pve-ha-

manager
  pve-kernel-4.2.6-1-pve pve-manager python-ipaddr python-protobuf 

python3
  python3-minimal python3.4 python3.4-minimal qemu-server uidmap
0 upgraded, 46 newly installed, 1 to remove and 1 not upgraded.
Need to get 54.6 MB of archives.
After this operation, 31.6 MB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue? [Y/n]

Jika telah selesai, restart server

root@tunaro:~# service pve-cluster restart
root@tunaro:~# service pvedaemon restart
root@tunaro:~# service pveproxy restart
root@tunaro:~# service pvestatd restart
root@tunaro:~#

Maka Anda harus membersihkan file konfigurasi dari paket yang tidak lagi diperlukan (dengan asumsi Anda sudah menyimpan kontainer OpenVZ Anda)

root@tunaro:~# dpkg --purge vzctl
root@tunaro:~# dpkg --purge redhat-cluster-pve
root@tunaro:~#

Sebagai tambahan, anda dapat menghapus file kernel lama

root@tunaro:~# apt-get remove pve-kernel-2.6.32-41-pve

Untuk mengkonfersi OpenVZ ke LXC kalukan perintah berikut ini

root@tunaro:~# rm -f /etc/pve/openvz/.conf
root@tunaro:~# rm -R /private/*
root@tunaro:~#
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